Periodontology

Periodontitis (periodontal disease)

Periodontology is a recommended step in modern dental treatment. This is a part of dental medicine that is focused on the care and health of all tissues in the oral cavity – gums, bone, periodontium, as well as the lining itself. The main purpose of your periodontist is and should be above all to take a proper care of your oral health, prophylaxis and your oral hygiene.

Who should visit a periodontist?

Each patient is required to visit a periodontist to take care of their oral health. After the initial examination your periodontist you will make an individual treatment plan. If you do not have periodontal disease or something else that is  clearly exposed, your dentist will recommend you to have a professional oral hygiene and what is needed to correct prophylaxis to avoid the development of periodontal disease in the future. If he finds that you already have periodontal disease, you will be given an individual treatment plan to help you get rid of periodontal disease and keep the your oral health condition in order.

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums. The first symptoms that patients usually notice are bleeding when brushing their teeth, swollen or flushed gums, sometimes gum pain and bad breath. It is important to know that Gingivitis is the first and most initial phase of Periodontitis and that this condition is completely treatable.

Also you have to be informed that the untreated gingivitis is usually deepened in periodontal disease.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontal disease is usually the result of untreated gingivitis and is a much more serious diagnosis. With periodontal disease, the process has already reached the deep layers of the periodontium and has affected the bone that supports the teeth. Periodontal disease is a treatable disease and its treatment should not be delayed because it leads to a deepening of the condition and disorders of the tissues. Untreated periodontal disease can lead to a tooth loss!

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that can be ongoing or episodic. It is characterized as inflammation of the gingival tissues, including the adjacent connective tissue fibers of the tooth retention apparatus. As periodontal disease progresses, inflammation of the bone, which is responsible for tooth retention, results.

Periodontal disease is not only a dental disease, it is a disease that also affects the endothelium of the blood vessels, the heart, the endocrine system. Periodontal disease was thought to affect only the elderly population over 35, but this is completely incorrect.

Periodontal disease also affects young people.

What is the cause of periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is defined as a multifactorial disease. One of the major factors in the development of periodontal disease is infection with pathogenic microorganisms. They live in the plaque and tartar. Another factor affecting the development of periodontal disease is neglected oral hygiene. Factors such as stress and smoking make the periodontal disease more difficult. There are other factors such as improper seals or structures in the patient’s mouth. They retain bacterial plaque, which leads to inflammation. The presence of tooth decay, improper bite and orthodontic problems, such as crooked or rotated teeth, also help to build up plaque and tartar. The presence of diseases such as diabetes, for example, contribute to the development of periodontal disease. In these, blood sugar levels are elevated, which helps the bacteria develop more quickly. In pregnancy, due to changes in hormonal levels, there is an increase in gum problems.

Symptoms of periodontal disease

The clinical symptoms in the initial stages of periodontal disease are few. Usually periodontal disease is slow. Patients may complain of mild pain, burning and strange unpleasant taste in the mouth. The onset begins with gingival bleeding, as with ordinary gingivitis. When brushed or spontaneously, blood escapes from the gums and the papilla. Gingivitis around the teeth is observed. Pressures produce secretion of blood and purulent exudate. Over time, a periodontal pocket is formed. This pocket progresses into a bone pocket. The gum begins to slowly and gradually decalcify the corresponding teeth, thus observing the cervical teeth and roots. After the loss of connective tissue that holds the tooth to the bone, its shaking begins. Tooth mobility may be different during certain periods of the disease. With untimely treatment and no proper prophylaxis, the tooth is to be removed.

Who can cure periodontal disease?

Periodontal diseases, as well as their prevention, should only be treated by a periodontist, as this is the specialist who will offer you the best and adequate treatment. Moreover, during the preventive visits, the periodontist is the one who can notice the earliest signs of periodontal disease and take timely measures to prevent the disease.

Complex periodontal therapy.

Complex periodontal therapy includes tartar cleaning, deep cleaning and disinfection of periodontal pockets with a periodontal laser.

Necessary care after the initial therapy is post dental treatment.

It is done within one year, in every three months visits.

For patients who have started this type of treatment, the cost of each follow-up procedure will be 40% off the regular price.

Invest in preserving your teeth!

 

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